Guidelines for Food Safety and Sanitation

Many people are prone to get sick because of different illnesses that are caused by the wrong storage of food. It is therefore important to enhance food safety at all cost to avoid risks that might claim a life.


There are a number of food safety and sanitation tips that are available in order to educate and help individuals know how to take care of food. Food servers/handlers should know about types of bread brands. Handling of food is the first thing that should be done with a lot of care. There are those foods that are commonly associated with causing illnesses such as eggs and meats. However, these are not the only foods that cause healthcare risks, foods such as fresh vegetables and fruits are also not exempted if they are not handled with care.


Raw fish and meats should be kept away from other foods that will not be a cook. This basically means that these meats should be well packaged and stored separately in the refrigerator. When they are being thawed, it is important to ensure that this is done either inside the fridge by reducing the temperature, under cold running water or using a microwave oven. It should never be done on top of a counter because this gives it a chance of attracting more bacteria.


Another Food safety tip is to ensure that all food products are thoroughly washed before being used. This should be done whether it looks clean or not because the bacteria that cause illness is usually not seen with naked eyes. Those that do not need to be peeled should be washed using plain running water and others can be scrubbed to remove all the dirt if necessary. Even if you are eating raw food and fruits which do not require you to cook them, you should wash them before you eat them, this will avoid you getting in contact with any germs and bacteria that may be found in this kind of foods.


Ensure that you do not leave cooked foods to be open for long hours at the table or kitchen counters since bacteria tend to grow very fast. If you leave it open even dust may get into the food.


You should wash your cooking surfaces and hands frequently. You can use some bleaching agents in washing this cooking surfaces so that they can be sanitized. If you do not wash your hands before you eat, some bacteria may find their way into your body through your dirty hands. Make sure that you do not have long fingernails as some bacteria may hide in your long nails.


Utensils should be washed with warm soapy water. This should also be done for cutting boards and counter surfaces immediately after using them. With this in mind, it is important to ensure that you do not overcook foods because this will kill all the nutrients the food has. The food should, however, be cooked appropriately to avoid leaving germs that hide in the places where heat does not reach as fast.